The Queen In Trouble? A Look at the Boeing 747 Sales

Boeing 747 Sales and the future
In the recent years, the Boeing 747 has seen some turbulence in the market. We take a look at the Boeing 747 sales through history

It’s one of the most iconic aircraft in the history of commercial aviation. It has become a symbol of air travel and aviation through generations and is arguably the most recognizable aircraft in the skies.

The Boeing 747 has been exceptionally significant in the history of passenger aviation. As the first twin aisle airliner, when introduced it was far bigger than any other aircraft. It helped airlines in their efforts to democratize air travel because of the reduced costs per passenger seat that the Boeing 747 offered at the time. With air travel on the rise, the Boeing 747 offered extended range, a higher passenger capacity and more room for luxuries onboard.

When introduced though, Boeing believed that the 747 would be outpaced by supersonic aircraft very quickly. It did however overcome that obstacle, and many more in its history of service. In recent years however, market demand has been one obstacle that the Boeing 747 seems to struggle with, making the future uncertain for the Queen of the Skies.

Let’s take a look at the Boeing 747 sales across the different models and variants through history.

Sales of the Boeing 747-100 – First of it’s kind

The first Boeing 747 was also the first commercial aircraft with high bypass turbofan engines and a twin aisle configuration. The first generation of the Boeing 747 was built in three variants and a total of 205 was sold to customers. Boeing kept the initial prototype.

The Boeing 747-100 prototype. Sales was generally good at the time.
The prototype of the first Jumbo Jet, the Boeing 747-100.

The standard variant Boeing 747-100 sales amounted to 167 aircrafts making it the most sold variant of the first 747 generation. Only 9 of the slightly improved 747-100B was sold and the short range 747-100SR sold 29.

A special shortened variant of the 747-100 called the 747SP was developed in the 1970’s and sold 45 aircraft.

747-100167
747-100B9
747-100SR29
747SP45
Total250
Table of Boeing 747-100 sales

Sales of the Boeing 747-200 – Evolution of a Success

Boeing quickly experienced increased demand for models with longer range and increased capacity. This led to the Boeing 747-200 being developed. It featured more powerful engines and increased maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) in addition to longer range.

Boeing 747-200 sales was good as the aircraft offered good improvements from the previous model.
A United Airlines Boeing 747-200 at SFO.

It was produced in four commercial variants and the Boeing 747-200 sales reached a total of 393 aircraft across all variants. The biggest seller was the basic passenger version, the Boeing 747-200B of which 225 planes was sold. Boeing sold 73 of the freighter version, the Boeing 747-200F, and 13 of the 747-200C Convertible version. The -200C could be converted between cargo and passenger aircraft, or a mix of the two. Finally the 747-200M combi variant, which could carry freight as well as passengers, sold 78 aircraft.

In addition to the commercial variants, Boeing produced four military versions of the 747-200.

747-200B225
747-200C13
747-200F73
747-200M78
747 E-44
Total393
Table of Boeing 747-200 sales

Sales of the Boeing 747-300 – Refining the Queen

A stretched upper deck is the most distinct visual difference of the Boeing 747-300 compared to the 747-200. Inside, a new staircase design made room for more seats and aerodynamic tweaks increased the cruise speeds to Mach 0.85 from the Mach 0.84 on the previous generations 747’s.

The total Boeing 747-300 sales amounted to 81 across the three variants. 56 of them was the standard passenger variant, the 747-300, 21 sales of the combi variant 747-300M and finally 4 Boeing 747-300SR was sold.

The sales of the Boeing 747-300 was low due to limited time int he market.
Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-300. Photo by Aero Icarus / CC BY

The relatively low sales volume came as a result of the short time the 747-300 was available. Two years after the Boeing 747-300 entered service, Boeing announced the more advanced 747-400 which superseded the -300.

747-30056
747-300M21
747-300SR4
Total81
Table of Boeing 747-300 sales

Sales of the Boeing 747-400 – The Best Seller

Improved range, better fuel economy, new interior and revised engines was among the improvements in the 747-400 model. It was also the first 747 designed for a flight crew of two instead of three. The -400 entered service in 1989 with Northwest Airlines.

The most popular model, the Boeing 747-400. It was the best selling model.
The best selling variant. The Boeing 747-400 sales reached 694 aircraft. Here in a Corsair International livery.

Boeing sold a total of 694 of the 747-400 across its variants. The most popular being the standard passenger version, the 747-400 with sales of 442 making it the best selling variant of all 747’s. The freighter version, 747-400F, also experienced good sales reaching 126 aircraft. Other variants included the combi (-400M) which sold 61 units, the domestic high-density seating (-400D) with 19 sales, extended range passenger version (-400ER) with 6 sold aircraft, and extended range freighter (-400ERF) that sold 40 aircraft.

Today most of the -400 operators have retired or have plans for retiring their fleets.

747-400442
747-400ER6
747-400ERF40
747-400F126
747-400M61
747-400D19
Total694
Table of Boeing 747-400 sales

Sales of the Boeing 747-8 – Present day Jumbo.

The latest version of the 747 was announced in 2005. The 747-8 shares a lot of its features with the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, including engine and cockpit technology. The 747-8 is designed to be more quiet, more economically efficient and better for the environment. The 747-8’s fuselage is also lengthened from 70.8 to 76.4 m.

Boeing 747 sales has been weak due to market demand is shifting to smaller aircraft.
A Boeing 747-8I in official Boeing livery. Sales of the Boeing 747 series has seen challenges in recent years, making the future uncertain for the Queen of the Skies.

Sales of the 747-8 has been sluggish. Boeing offers the 747-8I passenger variant and a 747-8F variant. The latter is the best selling of the two with 90 sales and some are still on backlog as of March 2020. The passenger version has sold 47 aircraft to just three operators and no new orders of the 747-8I has been made since 2017. The backlog of the 747-8I is empty as well.

Market demand is shifting to smaller and more fuel efficient aircraft like the Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Airbus A350 XWB. Both is equipped with two engines instead of four.

747-8I47
747-8F90
Total137
Table of Boeing 747-8 sales as of March 2020

Unfilled orders: 17 freighter variants as of March 2020.

Conclusion

According to Boeing 747 sales figures, a total of 1555 aircraft has been delivered since its introduction in 1970 up until March 2020.

Airlines originally bought the 747 because of its range and not its capacity. However twin-engine aircraft like Boeing’s own 777 and 787 has taken away the long range advantage of the 747. Twin-engine aircraft are also more fuel efficient and costs less up-front than the larger models.

The production rate of the Boeing 747 has seen multiple reductions and analysts predict a bleak future for very large aircraft like the 747. Airbus suffered the same challenges with its A380 and has decided to end the production when the last orders are fulfilled in 2021. Time will tell if Boeing will be taking the same route.

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